Artificial Intelligence or AI is revolutionizing the way we look and deal with things around us. From simpler devices like voice assistants to more intelligent ones like driverless vehicles, AI is making future technology gadgets come true.
AI is unveiling unthinkable possibilities. Your figments of imagination aren’t just imagination anymore. Sci-fi movies from the past are slowly but steadily becoming true with Artificial Intelligence and its application.
AI has become a global phenomenon.
India too has sensed the oncoming AI wave and is gearing up for the same. Artificial intelligence in India is growing at a rapid pace with India ranking among the top 3 countries with AI skills.
But before we plunge into yet another rat-race, we need to understand the scope of artificial intelligence in India and utilize it to become better than what we are today.
I have conquered the whole world, India you are next!
Artificial Intelligence is a wide term. It can broadly be classified into these four forms:
As the name suggests, the purely reactive form of AI is only capable of reacting to present situations without memorizing consequences or recalling past results. It is the simplest form of AI.
Google’s computer program AlphaGo is the perfect example of purely reactive AI. It plays the board game Go, and has effectively triumphed over human Go champions by using an intuitive mindset and learning to identify patterns (which was a major milestone in the field of AI).
A little more advanced is the Limited memory AI. It finds its application in chatbots, personal digital assistants and self-driving vehicles.
They store experiences along with their pre-programmed instructions and are capable of making decisions accordingly.
Theory of mind
Remember Sonny, in the film “I, Robot?”
Sonny was an AI based on a more advanced- Theory of mind. Did that movie leave an impression on your heart as it did on mine?
These intelligent machines would perceive emotions, motives, intentions, and expectations just like humans do. This kind of AI has only yet been explored in fictions.
Self-aware, the fourth and most intelligent form of AI, is only a hypothesis yet. There is no proof whether machines could be trained to develop traits of self-awareness like humans do. According to Professor Stephen Hawking, the self-aware kind of machines could be a threat to human existence.
“The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race….It would take off on its own, and re-design itself at an ever-increasing rate. Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete and would be superseded.”
When we talk of AI, we are generally pointing to the first two forms of AI.
Curious to know the merging of mankind with artificial intelligence?
How is Artificial Intelligence being implemented today?
The tech companies and startups are more focused on integrating AI services with the existing industries. This will account for a growth in productivity of the targetted industry and develop industry-specific solutions for enhanced productivity.
The top AI applications provided are –
– Automation of Business Processes where industries are automated which streamlines the whole manufacturing process.
– Chatbots help companies communicate with users more quickly. It also helps reduces manpower cost along with human errors.
– Natural Language Processing Systems wherein systems understand and communicate in human natural language such as English.
– Image Recognition can help the computer to recognize the person in front of the camera which helps with surveillance and other social services as well as games.
How is AI fairing globally?
Recently, the global market has seen a proliferation in AI technology. AI is predicted to become mainstream in the next five years in some advanced and developed markets. Artificial Intelligence is considered to be a modern approach to shape the world in a novel way.
“We will offer resources and the freedom to explore”
At a White House summit, Michael Kratsios, technology policy advisor acknowledged that “to the greatest degree possible, we will allow scientists and technologists to freely develop their next great inventions right here in the United States. In the private sector, we will not dictate what is researched and developed. Instead, we will offer resources and the freedom to explore.”
The AI industry is expected to reach more than $35 billion by 2025 globally.
There is a growing demand for AI across various fields, essentially the advertising, healthcare, and finance sector.
Prominent tech companies like Facebook, Google, Microsoft, and Apple are leaving no stone unturned to discover and experiment in the advancement of artificial intelligence programming.
Microsoft is working on a healthcare project to use AI to fight cancer. It is developing a machine that aims to remember all data on cancer and thereby predict the perfect combination of drugs for each patient.
Which country tops in the volume of the AI research?
Learn more about China’s progress in Artificial Intelligence
China has been at the forefront to establish themselves as the “leading innovators and principal world center for artificial intelligence.” It plans to crown itself as a global leader by 2030 and is way ahead of other countries in terms of academic papers, AI funding as well as the patents.
It also published a “Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan” in which it clearly talks about investing $150 billion in the domestic AI industry.
China is followed by the United States of America (with 1000+ companies, $10 billion in venture capital and 25,500 published papers). Japan comes at the third spot with the United Kingdom and Germany following closely.
Did you know?
- Based on a recent CNN report, some surgeons at the Children’s National Medical Center in Washington successfully conducted a surgery by an autonomous robot.
- Artificial Intelligence is the modern approach to post new stories more effectively on social media.
- In the automation industry, more and more companies are testing their self-driving vehicles.
- Banks are using AI for book-keeping, organizing functions, investing in stocks, managing properties etc.
- AI is also being extensively used in military drones and simulations to plan battlefront strategies.
Facebook CEO, Mark Zuckerburg, created a home automation system called Jarvis in 2016 and demonstrated that AI could be used to control a number of things like home appliances, lights, temperature, music, computer, and security using AI techniques like natural language processing, face recognition, speech recognition, and reinforcement learning.
Artificial Intelligence in India – Where does it stand?
India is the second largest online market in the world. Moreover, it houses more than 200 AI-based startups. The number although quite low shows that there is a constant awareness growing among the youth of India to experiment with AI.
The AI startups in India include –
- Edge Networks
58% of Indian companies are already using AI at scale.
IT giants like TCS, Infosys, and Wipro are striving to compete with their silicon valley counterparts.
- TCS has developed Ignio, an AI platform that optimizes IT operations thereby cutting operational costs.
- Infosys has AiKiDo– a comprehensive service in Design thinking, Knowledge-based IT and Platforms.
- Wipro has expanded itself into cognitive computing, with the development of digital virtual agents, cognitive process automation, drones, visual computing applications, and robotics.
Other artificial intelligence companies in India that are scoring big on the charts and collaborating with other industries include –
- Active.ai (Enterprise AI platform for financial services)
- Artivatic Data Labs (Intelligent AI system for automated decision making)
- Arya.ai (AI simplifying the process of building deep learning systems)
- Braina AI assistant (Intelligent personal virtual assistant)
(Remember the movie “Her“?)
- CruxIQ (Analyze, manage and summarize legal contracts in minutes)
Other AI companies in India include Fluid AI, Formcept, AIndra Systems, My Ally and Supertext among others.
The newly awakened interest has led them to contribute to 1/15th of the US contribution and 1/8th of China’s contribution to AI-based research. The new heights India is reaching is relatively low but it’s growing to be more globally relevant.
But we are lagging far behind the developed nations as far as AI research, development and actual application are concerned. Media researchers believe that India is not ready for AI just yet and will only have made considerable advancements by 2025.
The Indian government’s perspective on AI
In spite of being a leading IT player, India has been a late riser as far as AI is concerned.
The government has realized the need for artificial intelligence in India and is contemplating strategic amendments. The sustainable development Think Tank of the government of India – National Institute for Transforming India or the Niti Aayog- is working to lead a nationwide AI program, focusing on both research and development.
AI in India focuses more in the following five sectors-
- Smart cities
- Smart mobility
It is possible to gauge the Government’s seriousness about the program by the fact that the budget for Digital India was approximately doubled this year to Rs.3,073 crore.
Furthermore, the vision to accomplish ‘AI for all’, the government plans the following-
- Take up goal-oriented AI projects
- Create a strong network by working hand in hand with startups and experienced enterprises
- Adopt a multi-stakeholder outlook
Learning Artificial Intelligence by books and courses
If you are new to the world of AI and curious to learn more about artificial intelligence and its application, be sure to refer these artificial intelligence books. Ranging from a beginner’s guide to a compilation for experts, these AI books will help you uncover true secrets of the advanced world of AI –
- Artificial Intelligence: A Beginner’s Guide
- R Deep Learning Essentials
If you like to learn using interactive means and want to have a hands-on experience, you can also browse through various sites offering artificial intelligence courses for all levels.
Furthermore, the government is also eyeing to work in collaboration with other developing nations, through an exchange of AI models and practices. It believes that one can only accelerate AI development within the country by assisting the other nations to achieve their own AI goals.
The World Economic Forum has partnered with the Indian government to set up the Center for the Fourth Industrial Revolution in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Indian IT industry embraces the government’s move
“We look forward to partnering with the public and private sector to create a technology-driven ecosystem which fosters local innovation and research.”
-Mahesh Nayak, Chief Operating Officer, SAP Labs India.
It would be better if the government realizes that it needs to take immediate significant measures for the development of AI in India in order to avoid future dependency on the developed nations.
While India is playing catch-up in terms of this budding new technology, it does look quite the competitor since it has the user base to build the products for. Additionally, India also has budding students demographic who are keen to make AI an extension of their existing forte. This will account for an increase in the number of professionals who are skilled enough to get elected for AI jobs.
As the country progresses to a predicted $6 trillion GDP by 2027, AI jobs and technology will be a new ray of hope to act as a catalyst to achieve this goal faster.
Which Artificial Intelligence devices do you use in your daily life?
Let us know in the comments below.